For many years now, doctors and the media have been scaring us with a pandemic of a new virus that can kill all of humanity in almost a couple of days.
But is it worth it to be afraid? In extreme cases, Russian scientists have a saving "pill" in store.
PANDEMIES ALREADY WERE!
The same Spaniard in 1918 claimed more than 50 million lives. According to scientists, after the Spanish woman the pandemic should recur after 100 years. That is, we are on the verge of a tragedy?
– No panic! – reassures the doctor of medical sciences, the doctor – an allergist-immunologist, the Research Institute of Vaccines and Serums named after II Mechnikov RAMS Mikhail Kostinov. – This season, the new virus and pandemic do not threaten us. In the days of the Spanish woman, humanity was simply not ready to fight the virus. Although pandemics occurred before her.
Should you be afraid of the flu, and indeed viruses? Worth it! Once upon a time, a famous virologist, doctor of medical sciences, author of 50 monographs, Alexander Fedorovich Pukhner, told me about this. He was very curious about viruses.
“Viruses declared war on humanity a long time ago,” said Puchner. – The French even managed to revive one of the oldest – cytomegalovirus. He hit people as much as 5 million years ago. Little killers live everywhere: in the urine of rats, in the salivary gland of a mosquito, in the water.
Some viruses are able to kill a person within a day, influenza and ebola viruses and even within a few hours. In addition, viruses have the ability to create millions of their own copies. That is why pandemics arise. Only a person found a cure for one type of flu, as the virus has already mutated.
Viruses even learned to bypass the "watchman" of our body – immunity. More recently, any virus died at a body temperature of 41 degrees. But HIV dies only at 43 degrees. It turns out that viruses are trying to beat a person?
The main contraindication for influenza vaccination is egg white allergy. Also, do not get vaccinated if you have a cold or you have a severe exacerbation of a chronic disease. Vaccination is also contraindicated for cancer patients, but exclusively during chemotherapy. If you have a blood pathology, you should consult your doctor. Children under 6 months of age are not vaccinated against flu.
WHO ARE YOU?
To be honest, the conversation frightened me then. And if you consider that today more than 2 thousand variants of the influenza virus have been identified, then it becomes completely uncomfortable. Three types of influenza — A, B, C — basically “walk” around the planet. The heaviest of them is A, and it causes pandemics. Because it has subtypes (strains). They are designated by the letters H and N. It was his subtypes A (H1N1), A (H1N2), A (H3N2) that caused the “swine” flu. And as virologists found out, it was the H1N1 strain that caused the deadly Spanish woman.
A separate strain of H1N1, which triggered a pandemic in Asia in 2009, began to be called "swine" flu.
“So which flu is coming?” What to prepare for? – I asked the doctor of medical sciences Mikhail Kostinov.
– This fall and winter, the flu A / Brisbane / 02/2018, which already visited us last year, A / Kansas (H3N2), which was in 2017, as well as the already known Russians B Colorado and the flu B Victoria, will run. These are all old friends. Only if in one year they were with some strains, now now with others. That's why you need to get the flu shot every year! And every year, because of the constant antigenic changes in influenza viruses, WHO updates its vaccine composition recommendations.
Have you been vaccinated a year ago and are you calm? In vain! This vaccine will not protect you this season. We need a new one, because the flu has already mutated.
You need to defend yourself: the flu doesn’t matter if you are an athlete or an old woman under 90 years of age. It is useless to rely on hardening and yoga, however, as well as on folk remedies. The flu doesn't give a damn about it. This is not ARI or hypothermia. This is a serious virus! For children and people over 65, flu complications are often fatal.
– Mikhail Petrovich, which influenza vaccine would you recommend: imported or domestic?
“We are no longer purchasing imported vaccines.” What for? There are excellent domestic vaccines, such as Grippol or Ultrix. They are not inferior to either Dutch or French and are adapted to the types of flu that will circulate in this epidemic season. Including they perfectly protect from "swine" flu. And there are no post-vaccination complications from them.
SECRET FOR A MILLION
And now let’s imagine: not this season, but next or in a year the same terrible virus will come to nobody, from which there is no vaccine yet. What then? It is not for nothing that the scientists of the Global Readiness Monitoring Council (GPMB) speak of the threat of a new epidemic. In short, a pandemic will begin and …
“You are only right,” says Kostinov, “that a pandemic can really be caused by a completely new virus unknown to the world.” But I’ll tell you a secret for a million: there will be no pandemic that everyone is so afraid of! And in Russia for sure! The fact is that our scientists have already developed a model of a pandemic vaccine. I repeat, this is not the vaccine itself, but its layout. And if a new virus arrives, then, roughly speaking, it will only be necessary to “insert” it into this layout and the debugged mechanism will work. A vaccine for a new unknown virus will appear. That means we will be saved.