Seizures usually last from a few seconds to a few minutes. There are several reasons why the muscles of the legs are reduced, says nutritiologist Svetlana Nikitchuk.
See also: How to quickly stop leg cramps: effective methods
Muscle spasm leads to dehydration, which occurs due to prolonged use of diuretic drugs, some drinks (for example, excessive consumption of coffee, black tea), violation of the drinking regime, problems with the gastrointestinal tract and kidneys.
2. Diseases of the heart and blood vessels
With pathologies of the cardiovascular system, varicose veins, chronic venous insufficiency, osteochondrosis, leg cramps may occur. They provoke stagnation of fluid in the vessels of the legs, as well as inadequate nutrition of tissues with substances and oxygen.
Heart and Vascular Diseases
3. Vitamin deficiency
Pain in the legs may occur due to an insufficient amount of B vitamins in the body, as well as magnesium and calcium. Especially often the deficiency of these substances is observed in women during pregnancy.
4. Disorders in the thyroid gland and a failure in the hormonal system
A large amount of estrogen in the body can lead to convulsions, difficulties in conceiving a child. It can also affect the regularity of the monthly cycle and slow the metabolism, which leads to excess weight and obesity.
5. Improper nutrition
Cramps occur mainly due to a deficiency of calcium, magnesium, potassium and sodium. Include foods rich in these minerals in your diet.
6. Not warming up your muscles.
Before training, warm up and stretch your muscles. After at least 10 minutes of warming up the muscles, stretch.
7. Wearing uncomfortable shoes
Cramps can cause tight shoes or high-heeled shoes.
Stress – the cause of cramps due to nervous tension. Requires a course of sedatives.
9. Nicotine and alcohol addiction
It leads to the depletion of muscle tissue and all organs of the body.
Improper gait creates additional pressure on the legs, which leads to constant spasms of the calf and hip muscles.
With obesity is an increased load on the cardiovascular system, lower extremities, metabolic disorders, lack of vitamins and minerals.
12. Sharp temperature drops
Often, the legs cramp if a person has plunged into cold water, stepped on ice or snow with bare feet.
How to relieve pain and numbness due to cramps
If your foot is cramped, pull your toes with your hand or step on the floor and press hard.
Often cramps come in a dream that makes a person wake up. Slowly take a sitting position, rest your palms on the sore spot and begin to actively massage until the numbness passes. Then throw your legs higher to lower your blood pressure.
If your leg is cramped at work or in a public place, squeeze a muscle tightly with your fingers and do not let go until the pain subsides.
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