What diseases can be picked up in the church for Health 24 were told by the surgeon Yevgeny Kislitsa and microbiologist Elena Livinskaya.
See also: Symptoms of an intestinal infection: a useful infographic
What diseases can you get sick in the church?
The dishes from which they receive communion are one for all – the parishioners eat / drink from it in turn. In this case, one patient with an infectious disease, or a carrier of pathogens, is enough to infect other parishioners.
Surgeon Eugene Kislitsa “When using common dishes, it is possible to transmit viral, bacterial infections and helminths (worms). It is also possible that the dishes come into contact with the contaminated hands of a clergyman or other people working in a church. Then the causative agents of the diseases that were on hand will easily end up on the dishes. ”
During the sacrament, you can become infected if the saliva of the patient or the carrier of the infection enters the oral cavity of a healthy person. In this way, any infectious disease can be transmitted, regardless of the nature of its causative agent (virus, bacterium or helminth).
For example, herpesvirus type 1 (the one that occurs on the lips in the form of vesicles), staphylococcal infections, Escherichiosis (E. coli pathogen), enteroviral diseases (a number of infectious diseases caused by enteroviruses, is characterized by high infectivity and a pronounced gastrointestinal clinic) can be transmitted in this way. disorders), shigellosis, giardiasis. It is also possible infection with roundworms (helminths causing ascariasis). Infection is possible due to the characteristics of the helminth breeding cycle, when the larvae mix from the lungs to the esophagus and may end up in saliva).
You can catch many dangerous diseases in the church.
Also, the likelihood of contracting influenza or other acute respiratory viral infections, as their pathogens are transmitted with saliva. You can also get bronchitis or even pneumonia, but the likelihood of this is much lower than in the case of flu or SARS.
In the case when the dishes came into contact with contaminated hands, it is possible to become infected with the above diseases + ascariasis and even hepatitis A.
See also: What danger our nails are fraught with
Kissing Crosses and Icons
Also, these diseases can be transmitted when kissing church attributes, because the icon or the cross is not only kissed (the remnants of saliva act as a reservoir of pathogens) but also touch with your hands.
Surgeon Eugene Kislitsa “When there is blood in the saliva and it enters the mouth of a person who has open sores or other injuries to the mucous membrane of the mouth, larynx or esophagus, hepatitis or HIV infection is possible. But such a probability is extremely small. Also, when kissing icons or crosses, you can become infected with tuberculosis, if before that a person with an open form of the disease was attached to them. But infection is possible when a person’s immune system is weakened. ”
Regarding the custom of kissing the hand of a priest, it is possible to become infected with all of the listed diseases. Most likely to be transmitted through saliva, blood or dirty hands.
The risks of transmission through drinking wine from a common bowl depend on the number of people and their state of health, alcohol content in wine, and the immune state of people.
It's better not to kiss anything in the church
What to do in order not to get sick?
The best way to protect yourself is not to kiss icons, crosses, and not communion. If this is not possible, you can use the following tips from the medics:
1. In the case of icons, crosses: treat the place you will kiss with alcohol or another antiseptic.
2. Drink wine from your own dishes. In the case of communion, eat a piece from the edge that the priest did not touch.
Microbiologist Elena Livinskaya “From the point of view of microbiology, it’s better not to kiss anything anywhere. Especially considering that patients often come to church to be healed. Sometimes wiping with linen cloth after each participant is practiced, this slightly reduces the risks. Researchers who have studied this issue indicate the need to use individual dishes. Silver does not have time to carry out an antibacterial effect under such conditions, because the interaction time is very short. "
1. Use disposable dishes for each parishioner, or pour wine and give food to their own dishes.
2. Priests should wash their hands thoroughly or treat them with disinfectants / antiseptics before contacting with food.
3. Periodic processing of crosses, icons with an antiseptic.
More news on treatment, medicine, nutrition, healthy living and much more – read in the Health section.