Swedish experts from Uppsala University have concluded that visceral fat is especially dangerous for women, writes MedicalXpress. This type of fat is dangerous for the development of cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and other ailments.
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The study involved 325 thousand people.
Each kilogram of visceral fat gained can increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes in women by more than seven times.
The same amount of fat in men increases the likelihood of diabetes a little more than double.
Diabetes – what is it?
This is a chronic disease in which the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or the body cannot use the produced insulin effectively. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar (glucose). If the patient’s pancreas does not produce insulin at all – this is the first type of diabetes, insulin-dependent, daily injections of this hormone are necessary. And with the second type – the body produces insulin, but it is not perceived by the body.
The first type of diabetes occurs mainly at a young age due to heredity or after the transfer of severe viral infections that damage the pancreas. And the second type is due to malnutrition and excess weight – after the age of 40 years.
When gaining weight, the risk of developing diabetes increases significantly in people with a small stomach. At the same time, the appearance of additional fat in fairly sedentary people has less harmful effects on health.
Visceral fat increases the risk of type 2 diabetes in women by more than seven times
Scientists have also examined millions of positions in the genome to identify genes that affect the amount of visceral fat.
They found more than two hundred different genes. Among them was a large part of the genes, which is associated with human behavior. This suggests that the main reason for abdominal obesity is that a person eats too much and exercises too little.
However, there are individual differences in how fat is distributed in the body. Because of this, in a person without excess weight, a harmful amount of fat could still accumulate.
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