This is an important study, because most of the brain develops in the first 5 years of life. The study involved 47 healthy children who have not yet gone to kindergarten, CNN reports.
To the topic: What are three habits that affect the development of the brain of a child
The increase and organization of white matter is crucial in the combination of various parts of the brain, which increases its functionality and ability to learn.
Without a well-developed communication system, brain processing speed slows down, and learning ability suffers.
The images shown below are the result of the first study, which provides neurobiological data on the potential benefits of reading and loss that result from spending time in front of the "screen."
The following is a brain scan of a child who often reads with a caregiver. Red areas indicate the growth of organized white matter in the linguistic and literate areas of the child’s brain, that is, areas that will support schooling.
Red color – increased activity of white matter in language centers / Photo: CNN
Below is the brain of a preschooler who plays games on the tablet two hours a day. Blue color shows a significant underdevelopment and disorganization of white matter in the same areas that are necessary to support learning.
Blue color – the underdevelopment of white matter during the use of a phone, tablet, TV / Photo: CNN
In addition to brain scans, children were given cognitive tests. Preschoolers who played on smartphones, tablets, or watched the television for more than one hour a day had less literacy skills, were less fluent in expressive languages, and showed a lower ability to quickly name objects. However, those children who often read books passed the test more successfully.
However, scientists noted that reading alone is not enough for the development of a child’s brain. To use all the functions of the brain, you need to walk, play with toys, include imagination and fantasy.
More news regarding treatment, medicine, nutrition, healthy living and much more – read in the Health section.