An article by Chinese and American researchers published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology states: skipping breakfast is associated with an increased risk of death from cardiovascular diseases. Scientists came to such conclusions by analyzing the data of the US National Health and Nutrition Survey for 1988-1994.
See also: What happens if you constantly skip breakfast
The materials contained information on 6,550 Americans aged 40 to 75 years who had no history of cardiovascular diseases or cancer. The average age of the respondent was 53.2 years. Approximately 48% of survey participants were men. 2318 deaths were recorded, including 619 from cardiovascular diseases.
Respondents were asked the question “How often do you have breakfast?”, And possible answers included “every day”, “several days a week”, “rarely” and “never”.
The survey showed that among the study participants, 5.1% never had breakfast, 10.9% did it rarely, about 25% had breakfast several times a week (but not every day) and 59% did not miss breakfast.
It turned out that in the first group of people (who never had breakfast) after adjusting for age, gender, ethnic origin, socio-economic status, dietary and lifestyle features, the risk of mortality from cardiovascular diseases was 87% higher than in the latter (who has breakfast every day). The overall risk of mortality in the first group (compared to the second) was also higher – by 19%.
Breakfast reduces the risk of premature death.
In another study by Brazilian scientists, published in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, it is reported that people who skip breakfast but have a solid supper before going to bed have a 4–5 times higher risk of premature death, angina pectoris, or recurrent myocardial infarction 30 days after discharge from the hospital due to a heart attack.
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