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Doctors note that there is a lot of sugar in dairy and fruit products, biscuits and cookies with the prefixes “intended for children”. They sound the alarm and collect signatures so that children are not sugared in kindergartens.
The petition “Reduce the dose of sugar in the diet in the preschool educational institution!” On Change.org, addressed to the Government of the Russian Federation and Rospotrebnadzor, was created by a pediatrician-neonatologist, candidate of medical sciences Anna Levadnaya and nutritionist Maria Kardakova.
The authors emphasize: “Numerous studies have proven the harm of excess sugar intake, especially at an early age — from birth to 7 years. The World Health Organization considers the optimal amount of sugar consumed in kindergartens an average of 15 g per day for children 2-3 years old and 20 g for children 4-6 years old. In Russia, another norm has been established – 37 g for children from 1 to 3 years old and 47 g for children 4-7 years old. ”
“The recommended amount pledged by Russian SanPiN is almost two times higher than international recommendations,” says Anna Levadnaya. – My children go to kindergarten and school, and I know what they feed in the canteens. That's horrible. There is too much sugar in children's diets. It bothers me both as a mother and as a doctor.
Exceeding the maximum sugar level recommended by WHO in children's diets entails harm to children's health. This also includes the consequences that may occur at an older age – obesity, cardiovascular disease and diabetes.
Sugar consumption significantly increases the risk of tooth decay and noncommunicable diseases. I see all this in my patients, but large-scale studies show that the frequency of obesity in children is increasing, as is the frequency of type II diabetes. Until recently, it was considered an adult disease, and now its spread among children and adolescents is compared with the epidemic.
To avoid such risks, it is not necessary to completely exclude sugar from the diet of a growing child, because in moderation it is safe, but still cookies, desserts, cereals and granola with sugar, syrup and honey, sweetened yoghurts and drinks, soda and purchased fruit juices should be left out to the side. Children do not need sugar, but glucose, and it is found in much more healthy products – in cereals, fruits, dried fruits, vegetables. ”
The authors of the petition, as doctors, as women, as mothers, demand to change SanPiN 220.127.116.1149-13 “Sanitary and epidemiological requirements for the design, maintenance and organization of the working hours of preschool educational organizations” in terms of the amount of sugar added to the diet of children in preschool education, and set the maximum amount of sugar according to WHO recommendations.
Initiatives to reduce sugar in the menu of childcare facilities are in many countries. For example, in most countries of the European Union, where standards are established that are consistent with WHO recommendations.
More than 60% of European countries have additionally imposed restrictions on sweet snacks with flavorings and products in vending (vending) machines. In the UK, more than 500 schools have joined the Sugarwise project and are committed to reviewing their menus, replacing sugar-containing pancakes, syrups, croissants, jams, hot chocolate and puddings with more wholesome foods.
Australia has guidelines for school canteens – recommendations developed by the government based on modern ideas about health and nutrition. In them dishes with added sugar and salt, with a high content of saturated fats are called discretionary – "optional for a healthy diet." The manual does not recommend including products such as ice cream, chocolate, french fries, donuts, croissants, chips and soda in the school menu.
World health experts insist that not only children but also adults should reduce their sugar intake. According to WHO recommendations, an adult should not receive more than 50 g of sugar per day, but it is better to limit it to 25 g. But people are incredible sweet tooth, and their sugar intake is far from ideal. Residents of the United States eat 126 grams of sugar per day, Germany and Holland – more than 100 grams, Finland, the UK and Australia – more than 90 grams. Russians, according to various estimates, eat up to 100 grams of sugar per day.