Juliana Suprun published a selection of facts about tangerines and health.
See also: Allergy to citrus fruits: how it manifests itself and how to treat it
What are tangerines
Round, orange, with a peel that is easy to peel, it may be the look (or rather a grade) of Citrus tangerina (dark orange tangerine, a plant native to Morocco) or an interspecific artificial hybrid of the citrus tangerine and clementina, known in our supermarkets as clementine and directly light Orange Mandarin Citrus reticulata hails from China and the Philippines.
There are several other species of the genus Citrus called "tangerines." They differ in the thickness of the peel, shades of orange, the number of seeds and sugar content. If you want tangerines to be easy to clean, buy clementines.
The cult of mandarins as fruits that are eaten by kilograms seems to exist only in the post-Soviet space, where behind the iron curtain it turned out that in addition to cold-resistant mandarins from Georgia, in particular, Abkhazia, there were no other citrus fruits in winter.
Not all people like to eat tangerines / Photo: Unsplash
Benefits of Mandarin
Mandarins have a lot of water, polyphenols and flavonoids, and 1.7% soluble fiber, useful for intestinal microbiota. In 200 grams of mandarin oranges, 14% of the daily requirement for soluble fiber.
In the same amount, 87% of the daily requirement for vitamin C, a third of the daily need for carotenoids, and 7% of the required amount of calcium, as well as magnesium, iron and potassium.
Eating tangerines with soft cheese or olive oil is a good idea, because fats will help carotenoids digest in the intestines.
However, tangerines are sweet. The same 200 grams of slices contain 20 grams of sugar.
How much can you eat tangerines
An adult who does not lose weight does not have type 1 diabetes per day needs 225-325 g of carbohydrates. This is potatoes, and cereals, and bread, and lactose in milk, and cakes, and fruits. Therefore, if you plan to "grind" 600 grams of "peeled" tangerines (approximately 60 grams of sugars) for a Christmas movie, then reduce the consumption of other carbohydrates by a quarter on that day.
Better, though, is not all tangerines at a time, so that blood glucose levels do not increase much.
Children, respectively, need much less carbohydrates, so you should either eat a few tangerines or refuse carbohydrates that day.
However, according to Australian nutritional recommendations, children need to eat 1 serving of fruit per day, i.e. 1 tangerine.
Adults – two servings. Only pregnant women and adolescents can afford three tangerines, and nursing mothers, you can "as much" four.
Canadian recommendations do not clearly limit the absorption of fruits: the more fruits, the lower the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Fruit – the best dessert / Photo: Unsplash
We make this conclusion: tangerines are a wonderful dessert. Better half a kilogram of mandarin than a piece of cake. But you should not forget about sound mind.
The combination of tangerines or other fruits with alcohol will leave a pleasant ease in the stomach, but it will hide the same sugar in adipose tissue.
Given sugar, potassium, calcium and magnesium, and a high water content, tangerines can be considered a good option for the morning after the holidays.
"But it spills out from tangerines!" – So, the childhood of many people was overshadowed by the ban on eating citrus fruits.
However, it is worthwhile to understand that atopic dermatitis, when red spots appear, is one thing, not allergic urticaria, when there are pink blistering rashes – this is another, and allergy, when the tongue, lips swells, the stomach hurts – this is the third. And this is not an exhaustive list of the causes of rashes.
Any tangerine does not cause food allergies, only in people sensitive to them. Tangerines and allergies are associated where these fruits are grown, and the reason lies in the pesticides used to treat trees and crops.
If such people eat foods with histamine (which is in tangerines), then diarrhea, headache, tears and runny nose, urticaria, atopic dermatitis and a drop in pressure can occur.
Citrus fruits, along with alcohol, salted fish, pickled cucumbers and sausage, can just provoke such a “pseudo-allergy” and the effect of histamine. But not everyone – only sensitive people.
Tangerines ripen only on a tree, unlike apples or bananas. In order to transport tangerines, and not to lose cargo due to mold fungi and strokes, they are treated with fungicides or polyethylene.
Tangerines treated with pesticides / Photo: Unsplash
Therefore: even if you see moldy fruits in the middle of a mountain of mandarins, do not shun this mountain and pick up unscathed – this lot is probably not well processed, but wash the mandarins anyway.
If you decide to use peels of varietal mandarins for which whole kilograms are collected in winter, keep in mind that there are pesticide residues. Now the most effective way to reduce the content of pesticides in fruits is by soaking and their solutions of soda.
Mandarins have an acid reaction – their pH is from 3 to 3.5. Of all the citrus fruits, they are the least acidic. But acidity below 5.5, damages tooth enamel. Therefore, after eating tangerines, rinse your mouth and then carefully brush your teeth.
It is regrettable to remind you, but "shock doses of vitamin C" do not cure the common cold, so tangerines cannot be treated. But yes, an adequate intake of vitamin C partially prevents colds, and we always need vitamin C.