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Ocean water increases the risk of infectious diseases by destroying the protective microenvironment on the skin.
California scientists studied the state of skin bathing in the ocean and found that after they emerge from the water, the oceanic vibrio bacteria are implanted in their skin. Some types of vibrio can cause serious diseases and destroy the skin microbiome, which protects against harmful microorganisms.
Ocean water significantly changes the condition of the skin. According to scientists, this explains the fact that people committing ocean swims are more likely to experience pain in the stomach, they are affected by ear infections.
Researchers from the University of California noted that vibrio settles on the skin after 10 minutes of swimming in the ocean. And although many vibrios are not pathogenic, among them are those that can even cause infections that eat the skin. People at low immunity are at particular risk.
Ocean water destroys the individuality of the microbiome and changes its composition, ordinary bacteria are washed away from the skin, they are replaced by oceanic ones. Moreover, the skin seems to attract these bacteria, on the body of swimmers they were found more than in ocean water.
In the United States, about 80,000 vibriosis diseases are recorded annually, resulting in 100 deaths. The hottest water is most dangerous in the period from May to October, when vibrio breeds with special intensity in coastal waters.