But you do not have to tell everything at once. Information should be expanded and deepened as children grow older, said sex educator Yulia Yarmolenko.
See also: Are you a sexually literate person?
What should children of different ages know?
2 to 4 years
The correct names for all parts of the body, including the genitals. It helps to report injuries, discomfort, violence. And it gives understanding that all organs are normal.
Understanding that you can study your body, but it is important to know where and when it is appropriate.
Children under 4 years old must know the names of their organs
4 to 6
The basics of reproduction: sperm and egg merge, the child grows in the uterus.
To know that no one can touch the body without permission and no one should ask to touch or look at the genitals (except for parents and the doctor in special cases).
Learn to ask before touching someone (hug, tickle).
Understand when it is appropriate to be naked.
Independently wash the genitals.
6 to 8
Understand basic social norms: privacy and respect for others.
Be able to use gadgets and the Internet safely. Know the rules for communicating with strangers and the consequences of sharing intimate photos.
Information about childbirth should be expanded: discuss sexual intercourse and other ways to get pregnant.
Children under 12 years old should know about contraception
9 to 12
Have information on contraception, pregnancy, and sexually transmitted infections.
Know about changes in the body during puberty, the importance of hygiene and personal care during this period.
Understanding: being a teenager is not equal to being sexually active.
Distinguish between good and bad relationships.
Have complete information about Internet security, including cyberbullying and sexting.
He is critical of information in the media and how social networks shape the image of the body.
From 13 to 18
Know everything about menstruation and pollution.
Learn the rules of safe sex: how alcohol and drugs affect the adequacy of decision making.
Understand the difference between a healthy and sick relationship.
Know what the concept of consent is and how it is expressed. Distinguish between manipulation, pressure and violence.
Be able to negotiate and own methods of terminating relations.
Other news related to treatment, medicine, nutrition, healthy lifestyles and much more – read in the Health section.