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The diagnosis of "arterial hypertension" is familiar to many Russians: it can be put at least half of the working-age population.
However, many patients, trying to cope with high blood pressure, make very common mistakes. About how to behave, if you are hypertensive, what to do and what not, Natalya Mikhailovna Voloshina, head of the cardiology department of City Clinical Hospital No.17 in Moscow, told the World of News.
The first mistake. Patients try to reduce pressure very quickly, in a short time.
It is much safer to do this in 2-3 stages over several months, gradually accustoming the body to a new blood pressure. If you sharply lower the pressure, ischemia of the heart, brain, and other organs can occur.
The second mistake. Sensing improvement, hypertensive patients immediately stop taking the drugs.
This cannot be done. Hypertension is a chronic ailment. Having arisen once, it will not go anywhere, therefore, the drug therapy selected by the doctor for hypertension should be lifelong.
Any non-medication against the resulting hypertension, unfortunately, is not effective enough. The schedule for most modern drugs is usually 2 times a day, but other regimens are possible.
The third mistake. The patient independently reduces the dose of medication.
Only a doctor can make such a decision. It is especially risky, without the permission of the doctor, to reduce the doses of beta-blockers. This threatens a heart catastrophe, such as a heart attack. The patient cannot take into account factors that increase blood pressure, and does not know how to regulate drug doses in accordance with dangerous moments.
Dangerous circumstances can be very different – a change of weather, experiences, physical activity, intense sex and more. You can identify them only during a very detailed conversation with the doctor.
The fourth mistake. Sometimes a person firmly believes in folk remedies, rejecting drugs from the pharmacy.
But the juice of beets, aronia, infusions of various herbs can help only at the very first stage of the disease. In chronic hypertension, home methods are useless.
The fifth mistake. Hypertonic saves himself from any stress.
In fact, it’s important to move more. Of course, you should not immediately run to the gym and swing on simulators. But a daily half-hour walk in the park (with a dog or ski poles), swimming lessons become an excellent prevention for serious vessels problems for a person with high blood pressure.
In addition, physical activity will help to lose weight, if any. This will not only mitigate the course of hypertension, but also reduce the likelihood of diabetes, gout, arthrosis, osteochondrosis and other diseases that often accompany hypertension. Having thrown off the weight (and this should be done slowly, no more than 2 kg per month), try not to gain it again. Repeated weight gain is very dangerous for hypertension.
Sixth error. Hypertonic believes that since he is taking medication, it is not necessary to follow a diet.
But drugs do not cancel the most common recommendations for high blood pressure – to limit fatty, smoked, pickled and salty. The last tip is especially important. Excess salt in the body immediately increases pressure. Salt intake should be reduced to half one teaspoon per day (approximately 2.5 g). But keep in mind that this is not only the salt that you put from the salt shaker on a plate. Count all the salt, and it is hidden in any finished product – in bread, cheese, sausage, canned goods. Even in greenery there is a lot of salt. For example, the champion in NaCl is celery.
Seventh error. Patients do not protect themselves from stress at work and at home.
But constant nervous strain leads to disruptions in the activity of mechanisms that regulate the functioning of the heart and blood vessels. There are other troubles – stress causes the adrenal glands to throw out a large amount of adrenaline, which makes the heart rate frequent, which is dangerous for the myocardium (heart muscle). Therefore, it is so important for hypertensive patients to remain calm in any situation. It is necessary to master the ability to relax and relate to momentary troubles as if they had happened a week ago. If the patient can not calm the nervous tension, the doctor will prescribe medications that reduce emotional overexcitation.