Western pharmaceutical company conducted a survey of Russian women about premenstrual syndrome (PMS): most of them said about the unbearable pain, but spoke out strongly against the hospital.
Indonesia first introduced the right to leave for women during menstrual and premenstrual syndrome – it was back in 1948. True, critical days in this country are not paid to women. Japan, Taiwan, South Korea and some provinces of China followed Indonesia.
In 2016, one of the UK companies was the first in this country to introduce paid vacation for the time of critical days for its employees: you can rest for 1-3 days.
In Russia, the bill on the "women's hospital" was submitted to the State Duma of the Liberal Democratic Party 7 years ago, but did not even pass the first reading.
In the course of the study, Women's Health Index, about 1,000 women were surveyed. The survey showed that 78% of Russians have pain because of premenstrual syndrome, in addition to this, there are problems with mental health. So, 73% of women become irritable, 48% – aggressive, and 37% have a feeling of depression.
60% of Russian women suffer from abdominal pain, 46% suffer from diarrhea and abdominal distension, every second has a headache, every fourth is covered with a rash, 13% feels sick, 12% have swollen legs and 6% fever.
To get rid of these symptoms, every second person takes medications (14% of them drink sedatives), and every third tries to rest as much as possible.
Interviewed at the same time and men. Of these, 43% admitted that they notice increased irritability and mood swings from their ladies during PMS. And every third person is sure that women simply hide behind critical days to justify their bad temper.
However, 61% of women admitted that they actually use this method sometimes. Only every fourth man (24%) is ready to help his wife these days with household chores.
Approximately 15% of women admitted that they took sick leave due to critical days at least once in their lives. Formally, such women are not supposed to be sick, so the ladies have to refer to other symptoms: fever, edema, and so on.
Oleg Bely, a Candidate of Medical Sciences, considers the problem of sick-lists during critical days to be far-fetched: first, many women have chronic diseases that are exacerbated these days. For example, if a lady has a tendency to angina, then they most often fall on critical days and nothing prevents you from taking a sick-list with SARS from a therapist.
“Secondly, there is no free lunch,” says the doctor. – If a woman is given leave every month for 2 days and she will work not 22 days a month, but 20, then the employer will cut her salary. She will earn, say, not 22 thousand a month, but 20 thousand. It’s unlikely that our women will agree to this – in Russia they don’t like to take sick leave, everyone understands that because of him they will get less salary, will not receive a bonus, and if an employee takes sick leave too often, he will simply be expelled.
Indeed, about 80% of Russians in the course of the survey stated that they did not see any need for leave on critical days.
Doctors categorically disagree with their opinion. According to the professor, deputy director of the Institute of Reproductive Medicine at the FSAI “NMITS Endocrinology” Elena Andreeva, PMS is difficult for up to 80% of Russians:
“Some women can't even sleep on their side because of pain, they can't put on things because of edema.” 80% have severe and moderate severity, and they need medical assistance. Approximately 10% of the condition is so severe that the help of a psychiatrist is required. A large number of suicidal attempts are connected with PMS … By the way, a woman with PMS is always visible in the transport: she has a tense face, she avoids touching. ”
However, according to Oleg Bely, vacation and sick leave during PMS can lead to even more serious consequences than a complete lack of treatment: “A woman can be left without work and die of hunger. Russian women understand this intuitively, which is why they say: do not need us to be sick! Who wants, let him take. No need to impose anything on anyone. ”