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One of the problematic aspects of plastic surgery is the change in the shape of hard cartilage, for example, in the nose. However, today technologies have appeared that seriously simplify these procedures.
The main tool of a plastic surgeon is a scalpel. But if for some reason the mechanical effect is unacceptable, you can do without it. To do this, they usually warm up the cartilage so that it softens, and only then change its shape. Today they use a laser for this, but there is always a risk to exceed the temperature and destroy living cells.
A team of two doctors of science, Brian Wong and Michael Hill, developed an alternative method for treating cartilage, which they called “molecular” surgery. The task is the same – you need to soften the cartilage, but now everything happens at the micro level.
How does this happen? And it happens in full accordance with the simple laws of physics. To begin with, tiny needle electrodes are inserted into the nasal tissue, through which a weak electrical current is passed. The current electrifies the water in the cartilage, and it is divided into ions of oxygen and hydrogen. Hydrogen ions have a positive charge, and therefore interact with negatively charged proteins in rigid collagen fibers. The charge density of the fibers falls, the bonds between them are destroyed, and a flexible mass is obtained in the biopolymer shell. Almost like clay, from which you can blind anything. It remains only to place the soft cartilage in a three-dimensional shape and turn off the electric current — electrolysis will stop and the tissue will again become rigid, but with new outlines.
In laboratory experiments, scientists successfully changed the shape of the cartilage in the ears of guinea pigs. Local anesthesia is sufficient for this simple and quick procedure.
It is likely that the modified version of the methodology will be actively used to modify various fragments and the human body, which is based on collagen. First, technically it is much easier, and secondly, less traumatic. And no scalpel!