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VTsIOM presented the results of a survey on the topic: “Schizophrenia as it is. What do Russians think? ”
Every fifth Russian is confident that he is surrounded by schizophrenics. These are the results of a telephone survey, in which 1600 respondents participated.
Three percent admitted that they have relatives with such a diagnosis. At the same time, only every third person has a positive attitude towards patients with schizophrenia – 38% identified their attitude as “sympathy”, every fourth – with fear, and every tenth – with contempt.
Every third Russian said that schizophrenics should be isolated. Do people with such a diagnosis threaten society? Statistics show that people suffering from mental disorders are much more often victims of crime themselves than criminals. By the way, almost half of Russians (49%) are sure that schizophrenics in our country are not real. According to them, those who have been diagnosed with this simply pretend to be “abnormal” in order to avoid criminal responsibility.
According to WHO, an average of 1% of the population suffers from schizophrenia. In Russia, about 3% of the population is registered, but only half a million of our fellow citizens have a diagnosis of "schizophrenia", that is, about 0.3% of the population.
Schizophrenics are not the most dangerous contingent. According to the Federal State Budgetary Institution “National Medical Research Center of Psychiatry and Narcology named after V.P. Serbian, ”registered in Russia are 1.9 million alcoholics and 0.5 million drug addicts. The most common mental disorder in the Russian Federation is depression, with 26% of women and 12% of men staying in it.
In total, 32% of the population need treatment for psychiatrists. In reality, every tenth of those in need calls for help from doctors.
At the same time, almost all Russians are sure that they are well aware of mental disorders and their symptoms. According to a survey VTsIOM, those 90% of the population.
But when the Russians were asked what symptoms were observed in schizophrenia, the respondents began to get confused. So, the majority of our fellow citizens are sure that the main symptom of schizophrenia is a frequent change of mood.
A survey conducted earlier by NMITS PN them. Serbian, and at all showed that more than half of Russians believe that schizophrenia is a consequence of the evil eye and damage, and 45% believe that this disease is “a punishment for sins.”
Almost half of the relatives of patients with schizophrenia stated in the survey that they have difficulty in obtaining and purchasing the necessary medications. And in the past five years, the situation has only worsened – some modern foreign drugs have been denied accreditation in Russia. Often there are difficulties when buying drugs due to the fact that they are equated to narcotic and are not sold without a prescription. Doctors are afraid to prescribe "drugs."
About 40% of relatives of patients with schizophrenia stated that they could not buy medicines because of their high cost. Prices for modern drugs reach tens of thousands of rubles, they are not discharged for free. As for the old domestic drugs, the cost of which is small, they often do not return the patient to the society – they have little effect.
So it’s no wonder that 20% of Russians during the VTsIOM survey stated that they would never turn to a psychiatrist for help if they had problems, because they would not receive the necessary treatment and medicines anyway.
Another 40% admitted that they would not go to a psychiatrist, as they fear publicity, probable registration and related restrictions in the form of inability to get a driver's license, get a job and so on.