Acute sinusitis and sinusitis are one and the same. Sinusitis is bacterial and viral.
See also: Meningitis: causes, symptoms and treatment of a deadly disease
More often people get viral sinusitis.
Sinusitis – what is it? Sinusitis is an inflammation of the maxillary (maxillary) paranasal sinuses.
The sinus is the cavity inside the bones of the skull. The main function of the maxillary sinus is to warm and purify the air when inhaling. The main cause of sinusitis is the ingress of nonspecific microorganisms (staphylococci, streptococci) and viruses that enter the sinus cavity from the nose into the maxillary sinus.
Since the maxillary sinus is just a continuation of the nasal cavity, in many cases, even with a slight runny nose, it can swell.
After the x-ray, the doctor will indicate this as a "parietal thickening of the mucosa", but this does not mean that you have sinusitis.
Sinusitis can indeed occur due to a common cold, but it is impossible to prevent it.
Therefore, drops against a runny nose are not a panacea, it is impossible to bring to sinusitis because you do not treat a runny nose.
Factors that provoke sinusitis are acute respiratory viral infections and acute respiratory infections.
How does sinusitis begin
Symptoms of bacterial sinusitis are manifested in headaches, a stuffy nose, a cough that persists for 10 or more days, as well as an elevated body temperature and general poor health.
In addition to the usual symptoms of SARS, sinusitis is often accompanied by the following symptoms:
pain in the face that gives to the teeth, nose, sometimes to the forehead; pain intensifies with pressure on the upper jaw; eye sore pain; nasal voice; loss of smell; periodic purulent discharge; high fever, weakness.
If you ignore the symptoms, sinusitis can become chronic.
The treatment of sinusitis should be prescribed by a doctor
How to treat sinusitis
You can start treatment only after contacting an otolaryngologist. Self-medication can be useless, and in the worst case, harm. A particular problem is the treatment of sinusitis during pregnancy.
Viral sinusitis can go away on its own, but bacterial sinusitis requires antibiotic treatment.
In this case, you must adhere to clear requirements:
establish the sensitivity of microflora to drugs; apply the maximum dose of the antibiotic strictly according to the set time, without interruptions; after determining the sensitivity and in the absence of the effect of the drug taken within 3-4 days, the antibiotic is changed; with prolonged use, an additional prescription of antifungal drugs is necessary (to avoid fungal complications).
Particular caution in prescribing antibiotics should be observed in the treatment of sinusitis in children.
Treatment of sinusitis of the viral type:
with severe temperature and pain reaction – anti-inflammatory drugs with analgesic effect and antipyretic properties; relief of nasal breathing in the first 5-7 days by the use of vasoconstrictor drops. Long-term use is contraindicated due to the possibility of complications; forms of allergic sinusitis require the selection of an antihistamine; in severe forms of the disease, treatment is supplemented by the appointment of corticosteroids.