In addition to the cancellation of roaming, from June 1, more than 10 laws come into force. What changes are waiting for the Russians, we will tell in our digest.
Pro auto tuning
From June 1 to legalize auto tuning will become more difficult. Unless, of course, you do not limit yourself to the author's “coloring” of the car, but, for example, you want to install gas equipment. According to the new regulations, any serious re-equipment will require coordination in the traffic police. And before the visit to the State Traffic Inspectorate, the owner must undergo an examination in the technical laboratory and receive documentary evidence of the safety of the changes. What kind of changes are serious – the opinions of experts differ. Some, for example, point out that even installing a roof rack on a car or replacing headlights will require approvals.
"Rat tuning" is gaining popularity. On the Russian roads more and more often appear "rat" cars: cars tuned in the style of Rat Look. Auto looks like a rusty carriage.
After the "rat tuning" the car looks like a rusty vehicle.
About the accident
In an accident involving a car registered abroad, and if the civil liability of its owner is insured, according to the international insurance system, it is possible to issue documents about an accident without the police.
Now, conflicts between car owners and insurers related to the compensation of damage under OSAGO can be disassembled by financial ombudsmen. In their authority – the consideration of disputes about the amount of insurance payment, the timing and quality of repair. Services for citizens are provided free of charge. The driver can ask for help if there is no court decision on this issue. The statute of limitations is three years. The decision of the ombudsman is mandatory if the parties do not decide to appeal it to the court.
From now on, a couple who is legally married will be able to draw up a joint will by identifying the heirs and their shares. The notary must certify the document. And will act will begin in case of death of one of the spouses. Before that, any of them can change the decision, and draw up a separate document – then the joint will expire. Joint testament will lose its force and at divorce.
From the will can be removed any persons, one way or another claim to inheritance. The exception, as before – minor children, children with disabilities and disabled parents – only they still can not be deprived of the share.
In addition, hereditary contracts are allowed. That is, a citizen and his heirs can make an agreement about who, in what order and under what conditions the rights to the property will be transferred. The heirs will be considered both individuals and legal entities.
From June 1, citizens and legal entities will be able to rent a forest plot from one to five years. The main thing is that the applicant does not appear in the register of unscrupulous tenants. Bidding at the conclusion of the document will not. But the tenant must take care of the conservation, protection and reproduction of forests.
Since June 1, banks have been obliged to collect data on devices from which operations are conducted. This is done to protect against hackers IT-systems and applications when opening deposits, issuing loans, registration and maintenance of accounts. According to the Central Bank, in 2018, criminals 417,000 times managed to get money from physical cards, they stole a total of 1.38 billion rubles.
From June 6, stores will not be able to return perishable unsold products to suppliers. Most often this happens with fresh meat and fish, products from them, dairy and confectionery products, bakery products, vegetables and fruits, the shelf life of which is not more than 30 days. This, according to legislators, should protect manufacturers, because trading networks often put risks and losses on them. But outlets and suppliers will have to renegotiate the terms of contracts.
From June 9, relatives will be able to visit relatives in intensive care. The admission procedure will be determined by the Ministry of Health. In this case, the department will take into account the patient's condition, compliance with the anti-epidemic regime and the interests of those who work or are in the hospital. And medical institutions will be required to create conditions for visiting seriously ill patients in intensive care wards.
Now for unauthorized connection of citizens fines on amounts from 10 to 15 thousand rubles, officials – from 30 to 80 thousand rubles (or disqualified for a period of one to two years), legal entities – from 100 to 200 thousand rubles. From June 9, for repeated violations, physical persons will pay from 15 to 30 thousand rubles, officials – 80-200 thousand rubles, legal entities – 200-300 thousand rubles.
From June 9, HIV-infected will be allowed to adopt children. But only those who already live with them.
From June 9 to turn an apartment into a store will become more difficult. To translate residential premises in non-residential, you will need the consent of the general meeting of owners of an apartment building. And from the owners of adjoining premises (apartments through the wall, above and below it) entrepreneurs will have to obtain written consent.
In addition, from June 1, capital amnesty begins (the third in a row), and now you can receive monthly child benefits not only by registration, but also at your place of residence. In addition, imported cigarettes may rise in price in June. For companies engaged in the supply of tobacco products to Russia, from 1 June, an excise tax multiplying factor is introduced, just like for domestic producers.