Police officers detained a gang of fraudsters who, under the guise of providing medical services, deceived more than 11 thousand pensioners.
Today, lawyers say that such crimes are becoming more and more, and psychologists are warning how not to become a victim of scammers.
News about searches in 50 offices disguised as medical centers in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Chuvashia, Vladimir, Kaluga, Ryazan regions sounded like a bolt from the blue. The numbers were called staggering: 11 thousand affected patients, who for some reason gave the criminals nearly 1 billion rubles to the criminals. Someone called this scam second in scale after the notorious pyramid of MMM.
In the official statement, other data was also heard – in the case of the “fraud of the decade” there are only 25 people. Are there so few participants in such a major crime? Why are there reports of deceptions of false physicians every year, but there are more and more criminals? Or has the legislation turned out to be helpless before this, in general, simple fraud?
NOT THERE IS TREATING, NOT THAT IS TALING
A phone call rang out in Olga Sergeeva’s apartment completely unexpectedly. A polite operator suggested that a middle-aged Kirov woman be elderly to undergo spinal examination in a modern clinic for free.
The woman was interested in the offer – she had health problems, and the lovely lady at the end of the line claimed that the clinic was working under the state program under an agreement with the regional government. Therefore, they do not charge money from patients for diagnostic services.
… A friendly doctor stuck to the sensors of the apparatus, checked the results for a long time, and then he sighed heavily: "We must be treated, it is impossible to delay further." For persuasiveness, she showed the patient a frightening chart on a computer, which clearly showed the deterioration of the spine. It was necessary to go through 60 procedures: the first two are free, and then for the money.
"After the first procedure, I was taken to the" treatment. In the office "doctor" talked about the miraculousness of such methods. They say that even hopeless people with disabilities are put on their feet, ”says Olga.
She was given to sign an agreement where the amount was indicated – almost 4,000 per procedure, a frightened woman pushed the paper easily. But the farther, the more suspicious this office seemed to her, and soon Kirovka refused treatment.
The center employees persuaded her for a long time, threatened her with disabilities and all sorts of misfortunes, but then they surrendered. And a couple of months later, Olga received a text message from the bank demanding to pay the loan debt.
It turned out that the contract was not with the clinic at all, but with the bank to take a loan. “I was confused and frightened by the diagnosis, signed, not reading it,” the woman later justified.
Today, it is listed in the list of victims of the actions of false physicians. In Kirov, law enforcement officers immediately covered 6 such centers. It turned out that the staff with medical education was not there at all.
“The diagnosis was carried out using a galvanometer. When the employee of the medical center was pressed on the patient's finger, the resistance changed, and a graph was drawn on the computer monitor. The harder it was, the higher the curve. Based on these data, a random diagnosis was made, ”said Interior Ministry spokeswoman Irina Volk.
MAIN WITH THE FORMATION OF AUTOMECHANICS
Two years ago, 12 pseudo-physicians were arrested in Penza. There, the clinic worked in a similar pattern.
The investigators found out that the head physician had the education of an auto mechanic, and in the offices the investigators found whole instructions describing psychological techniques that tell how to handle unhappy pensioners.
“At first, the“ doctor ”uses phrases like“ our clinic will do everything possible for you, ”but very soon turns to sentences with the pronoun“ we ”. What we can do? What will help us? That is, there is a full connection to the client. A person already feels that someone close, dear is nearby, ”says psychologist Irina Nechaeva.
In other cases, psychological techniques were much easier. For example, the doctor casually began a conversation about divorces that occur at every step, that the husbands of middle-aged women find young mistresses, so you need to carefully watch yourself. After such a conversation, patients easily concluded contracts not only for medical, but also for cosmetic services.
PROVE VINIUM IMPOSSIBLE?
If you look closely at all these stories, you can see that there are regular reports about the arrests of false physicians, but every year there are more and more of them, and there is practically no news about the sentences of scammers. Why?
“Proving their guilt is really difficult. Patients are forced to sign documents with tricky language in which they take responsibility for themselves, loans are drawn up voluntarily. If punishment follows, then only if the fraud is clearly visible or on far less significant articles. For example, for the lack of a license, ”says lawyer Alexander Kovalev.
“The credulity of people, legal ignorance, belief in miracles – all this becomes the ground for such crimes. Not so long ago, false artifacts were arrested in Moscow for treating patients by telephone! These were ordinary migrants. People transferred huge amounts of money to them – a total of 800 million rubles. What did the victims think when they gave money to telephone healers? ”- the lawyer is surprised.
It is not so easy to terminate the contract with the bank that issued the loan for treatment. “People who believe scams will be responsible for their gullibility. The bank is difficult to bring to responsibility for the issuance of consumer credit, he is not obliged to know what a person is going to spend the loan. Pensioners can demand a refund only from fraudsters who have deceived them, ”lawyer Yan Chebotarev believes.
But if the institution is closed, and its owners are under investigation, then there is practically nothing to expect the victims. And remember: fraudsters are not asleep, even after such high-profile detentions, Russians continue to be invited to free inspections.
For the second day our colleague is called from a private medical center: “We will examine you. Everything will be free. ” When numerous attempts to dial the number from which they called, it is unavailable.