Calcium is crucial for building and maintaining bones, and vitamin D helps the body absorb calcium and supports muscle function, reports JAMA Network Open.
To the topic: What doses of vitamin D will harm the bones
Combined treatment with both calcium and vitamin D reduces the risk of hip fracture by one sixth. This treatment is more beneficial than taking standard doses of vitamin D,
Says Dr. Robert Clark, professor of epidemiology and public health medicine at Oxford.
The specialists studied the results of 11 studies, during which they tested the separate effect of vitamin D, as well as the combined effect of vitamin D and calcium. The average age of the study participants ranged from 62 to 85 years.
If you eat well, you don’t need vitamin D
Overall, people who received calcium and vitamin D had a 16% lower risk of hip fracture than those who received placebo or were not treated at all. The risk of bone fracture in people who consumed both supplements was 6% lower.
To maintain bone mass and muscle strength, people should regularly perform physical exercises in an upright position: running, jumping rope, dancing and the like. Avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption are also critical factors in preventing brittle bones.
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