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What is flu?
It is an acute respiratory disease caused by a virus. It is easily transmitted from person to person mainly through coughing, sneezing or close contact. Anyone and at any age can get the flu.
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Flu symptoms occur suddenly and can last from a few days to several weeks. At the first symptoms, consult a doctor.
What are the symptoms of flu?
high temperature, which lasts at least five days; fever; headache; aching muscles and joints; asthenia; loss of appetite, possibly nausea; a cough that may last more than two weeks.
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How to protect yourself from it?
The best way is annual flu vaccination. Vaccination reduces the risk of getting the flu and prevents severe complications of the disease.
When should vaccination be given?
Vaccination should be carried out before the onset of influenza activity. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends vaccination before the end of October. But if the vaccine is introduced in December or later, even if the activity of the flu has already begun, it may be useful.
Who should start vaccination earlier?
Children who need 2 doses of influenza vaccine. The first dose should be administered as soon as possible (in October), because a second dose is needed (after 4 weeks). And knowing the unpredictability of the child's body, unexpected illnesses, it is better to have time left after.
For those who need only one dose, early vaccination (that is, in July and August) may be associated with suboptimal immunity at the end of the flu season, especially among older people.
You need to be vaccinated against flu in late autumn
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports studies showing a decrease in vaccine efficacy over one season of influenza, with an increase in time after vaccination.
Why should you not get the flu vaccine “too early” (in summer, for example)?
The vaccine may simply not be in health care organizations, it usually appears in September-October.
Recently, the rise and peak of the incidence of influenza begins no earlier than January, and sometimes it occurs in March.
Immunity after vaccination is developed quite quickly (up to 2 weeks), but eventually begins to fade.
Why should not be vaccinated against influenza at the peak of incidence (in the middle of winter, for example)?
Vaccines may no longer be in healthcare organizations. The vaccination campaign usually ends in early December. During December, you can still find somewhere a paid dose, but later it is unlikely.
What vaccines are there?
Two vaccines against influenza will be available to Ukrainians this year: Jisi Flu (South Korea) and Vaksigrip Tetra (France). Both are quality and safe.
See also: What flu vaccines are in Ukraine and what is the cost
What is the difference between the 24th channel explained by Associate Professor of Pediatric Infectious Diseases and Pediatric Immunology NMAPO named after P. Shupik Fedor Lapiy.
According to him, both vaccines are the so-called split vaccines, which means a split virus. What is the difference? The first vaccine protects against three flu viruses, the so-called trivalent vaccine. She is South Korean. The second one – first appeared this year in Ukraine, but such vaccines were previously used both in the USA and France, in many other countries of the world, this is not some new vaccine. It protects against four flu viruses, that is, it is quadrivalent.
The first vaccine that protects against three influenza viruses in Ukraine is registered for children starting from 6 months of age. The second vaccine, against four viruses, is from three years of life. But. This vaccine has been registered in the European Union by the European Medicines Agency for more than 6 months and, as far as I know, these changes in the instructions will be in Ukraine in 2019. These are procedural issues, because Ukraine does not automatically accept instructions approved or reapproved by the European Medicines Agency, the procedure for applying for amendments to the instructions, therefore there is such a difference,
– explained Lapiy.
How many vaccinations do I need?
As the immunologist noted, in this matter, the doctor should be guided by the instructions given in the instructions. “The manufacturer conducts research on its vaccine, how children and adults respond to vaccination at different age periods, and provides recommendations on whether to administer one dose or two doses. In this case, when it comes to influenza vaccine, you need to follow the instructions given in the instructions, "he said.
What are the contraindications for vaccination?
Vaccination is not carried out for acute illness, a cold, which occurs with a body temperature above 38-38.5 degrees. "If we talk about a cold without a fever, then the severity of the disease is assessed. A moderate or severe course is a contraindication. If we talk about a mild cold, a slight runny nose without a fever, then vaccination can be carried out," said Lapiy. Vaccination is not carried out if there is reason to believe that an immune response will not be formed. For example, if the patient is taking immunosuppressive therapy that suppresses the immune response. Or if a person has severe immunodeficiency, the vaccine is safe, but in this case an immune response will not be formed. Vaccination is not carried out if the patient has a severe allergic reaction to the vaccine. "I emphasize that it is a severe allergic reaction to the vaccine, if it was previously used, or to the components of the vaccine is a contraindication," said Lapiy.
How to combine flu vaccine with other vaccines?
The flu vaccine can be administered with any other vaccine, both on the same day and at any interval.
How to vaccinate?
1. Consult a doctor (either family, or therapist, or pediatrician). The doctor will examine you, determine if there are any contraindications, and also provide advice on transporting the vaccine, because it requires maintaining a cold chain.
2. Buy a vaccine at the pharmacy in your city or directly at the clinic.
The vaccine, like antibiotics, refers to prescription drugs, they must be prescription. I draw a parallel with antibiotics, because they (vaccines – "24"), alas, like antibiotics, are sold without prescription. In addition to having a prescription, you also need to have an agreement with your doctor regarding the examination, counseling and vaccination,
– noted Lapiy.
From the moment you buy the vaccine, not more than two hours should pass before it is administered. Otherwise, the vaccine may lose its protective properties. Therefore, the Ministry of Health, for example, is strongly advised to keep a check to determine the exact date and time of purchase of the vaccine.
It is also important to comply with the storage and transportation conditions of the vaccine. It is important not to break the cold chain. Otherwise, the vaccine may lose its quality. A special bag with a cold element that can be purchased or obtained on bail at a pharmacy will help to cope with this. Some pharmacies also provide free vaccine delivery services.
3. Get vaccinated. Vaccination is carried out in vaccination rooms or the family doctor’s office, if equipped. You can also contact private medical facilities.
According to Lapiy, "pitfalls" are possible during the vaccination process. “If you didn’t get the vaccine at the pharmacy without consulting a doctor, the doctor may say that he didn’t prescribe it and refuse to administer it. It happens that medical workers refuse to let the patient come with their vaccine, even if it was bought by prescription, even if the conditions for storage and transportation of vaccines were met and the vaccine has all the necessary documents provided for in Ukraine. Then it is worth changing the medical institution. In private medical centers from the "pitfalls" this may come out: asking for your money make a large number of additional analyzes It should not be done, but it can offer ", -. immunologist explained.
How long does the vaccine last?
One vaccine protects against the most common and dangerous strains throughout the flu season.
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