Many have met this abbreviation even as a child, when we went on vacation to a camp or a sanatorium. What is it? Find out from the article.
What is exercise therapy
Exercise therapy is physical therapy, which is based on complex exercises for the recovery, maintenance and prevention of injuries and diseases. Moreover, these can be not only physical injuries and illnesses, but also mental or somatic ones.
Therapeutic physical culture is based on the positive impact of specialized exercise complexes on internal organs, joints, muscles. Exercise therapy helps to temper the body, helps to accelerate metabolism and improve blood circulation. In the process of exercising, a person feels and understands his body better and the healing process occurs faster.
One of the forms of exercise therapy is remedial gymnastics – a complex of simple general strengthening physical exercises. The doctor carefully selects exercises, taking into account the general condition of the body and the characteristics of the disease. Gymnastics can be done independently (after working out the movements with a specialist), individually with a specialist, or in group lessons. One of the main conditions for the effectiveness of exercise therapy is breathing. You need to breathe correctly – take a deep breath with your nose, deep breath with your mouth. Preliminary instruction of a physician practicing exercise therapy is required.
Where and how exercise therapy is performed
Exercise therapy can be carried out both without any equipment, and using simulators. Exercise therapy can also be carried out in pools (swimming, water aerobics). The terrenkur method is very useful – walking, climbing rocky places, slopes. Such walks are usually part of the health resort program.
For the best effect, exercise therapy is carried out in combination with massage and physiotherapy. Usually exercise therapy is supplemented with physiotherapy procedures, such as:
– laser therapy (treatment with monochromatic light produced by a laser)
– cryotherapy (exposure to cold)
– diadynamic therapy (treatment with electric current with a frequency of 50-100 Hz)
– electrical stimulation (the effect of electricity on nerves and muscles through a myostimulator and electrodes)
When exercise therapy is prescribed
As a rule, exercise therapy is carried out to treat diseases in the following areas of medicine:
– cardiology (for the treatment of hypertension and other circulatory-related heart diseases);
– orthopedics (for the treatment of flat feet, arthritis, osteoarthritis);
– neurology (osteochondrosis, radiculitis);
– pulmonology (diseases of the lungs and bronchi);
– traumatology (to accelerate healing in the postoperative period and to restore various fractures, dislocations and soft tissue injuries during the rehabilitation period);
– with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
– endocrinology (diabetes mellitus, obesity);
– gynecology (for the treatment of hormonal disorders, prevention of inflammatory processes).
Exercise therapy can be prescribed before certain operations of the abdominal cavity and chest and after these operations as a preventive action. Exercise therapy is also used in obstetrics, when it is required to change the position of the uterus and the fetus in it, as well as for rehabilitation in the postnatal period.
Exercise therapy is often prescribed for children. Physiotherapy exercises help prevent certain diseases, strengthen the child’s body, and give an outlet to negative emotions. As a rule, exercise therapy for children is prescribed in the following cases:
– with frequent colds
– with obesity
– with cerebral palsy and other diseases of the central nervous system and musculoskeletal system
– with hyperactivity.
The effectiveness of physiotherapy exercises has been tested for centuries. In ancient Greece, exercise was considered a mandatory component of any treatment. The ancient Roman physician Galen recommended gymnastic exercises and massage to patients, as well as rowing, horseback riding, hunting, picking fruits and walking. The physician and philosopher of the medieval East, Ibn Sina (Avicenna), in the “Canon of Medicine” widely promoted physical exercises. The special importance of gymnastics and the motor regime was also emphasized by the outstanding Russian medical scientists M.Ya. Mudrov, N.I. Pirogov, G.A. Zakharyin and others.