The news of the spread of the coronavirus COVID-19 is more and more reminiscent of frontline reports. What to do and how to behave, so as not to become another victim of infection?
By March 12, more than 130 thousand people were infected with the infection and more than 4,700 died from it. In China, Iran, Italy and other countries, emergency measures are being taken to protect against a pandemic. Infected, albeit not on such a scale, infected with COVID-19 and in Russia.
Help To protect yourself from infection, you need to know what constitutes a coronavirus.
Coronavirus infection viruses cause respiratory diseases of different severity in a person. Symptoms of the disease are similar to those of ordinary (seasonal) flu.
The severity of the disease depends on a number of factors, including the general condition of the body and age. Elderly people, young children, pregnant women and people suffering from chronic diseases and with weakened immunity are more prone to the disease.
“We have come to the conclusion that COVID-19 can be characterized as a pandemic,” TASS quotes the words of the head of the World Health Organization, Tedros Adhanom Gebreyesus.
Signs of the disease
Symptoms of COVID-19 are as follows:
heat; headache; weakness; cough; labored breathing; muscle pain nausea; vomiting diarrhea.
One of the most serious complications of coronavirus infection is viral pneumonia. Moreover, the deterioration is proceeding rapidly, and many patients have already developed respiratory failure within 24 hours, requiring immediate respiratory support with mechanical ventilation. To alleviate the course of the disease can only quickly begun treatment.
Coronavirus infection prevention
Transmitted by COVID-19 via airborne droplets and contact routes. To reduce the likelihood of becoming infected with the virus, you should strictly adhere to the rules of prevention.
Firstly, it is better to refrain from visiting public places: shopping centers, sports and entertainment events, transport during rush hour. And if there is such a need – use a disposable medical mask (respirator), changing it every two to three hours.
Close contacts and staying in the same room with people who have visible signs of acute respiratory viral infections (cough, runny nose) should be avoided.
After returning from the street, contact with strangers, wash your hands thoroughly with soap. If this is not possible, use alcohol-containing or disinfecting wipes. In addition, disinfect gadgets, office equipment, and the surfaces you touch.
Limit your tight hugs and handshakes when greeting.
Use only personal hygiene items (towel, toothbrush).
The body's resistance to infection enhances a healthy lifestyle. Therefore, follow the regimen, including proper sleep, consumption of foods rich in proteins, vitamins and minerals, physical activity.
What to do if you suspect a coronavirus infection
Stay home when you have signs of illness or if you feel unwell. Call a doctor and tell him about your places of stay and contacts over the past two weeks. Strictly follow the doctor’s recommendations. Minimize contact with healthy people, especially the elderly and those with chronic illnesses. It is better to take care of a sick person. Use your disposable napkin or handkerchief when coughing or sneezing, covering your mouth. Use personal hygiene items and disposable tableware. Wet the room daily with disinfectants and ventilate the room.
How to wear a mask?
When choosing a mask, remember that it can be disposable or for multiple use, can be designed for two, four or six hours. When buying, you need to check this information with the pharmacist. In addition, you must follow the rules for wearing a mask.
The mask should be carefully fixed, tightly covering the mouth and nose, leaving no gaps. Try not to touch the surface of the mask when removing it; if you touch it, wash your hands thoroughly with soap or alcohol. A wet or damp mask should be changed to a new, dry one. Do not use a disposable mask again. The used disposable mask should be discarded immediately. After removing the mask, wash your hands immediately and thoroughly. The mask should be used only when you are in a crowded place. During your stay on the street, it is useful to breathe fresh air and you should not wear a mask. Photo: WHO
If you are going abroad
Russian tourists traveling to another country need to clarify the epidemiological situation in it before the trip. If it is negative, then it is better to postpone your visit. If circumstances require a mandatory visit to another state, then the following rules must be observed:
Do not visit markets; use only thermally processed food and bottled water; Minimize attendance at cultural events; use respiratory protection (masks); wash hands after visiting crowded places, before and after eating.
At the first signs of the disease, seek medical attention from medical organizations. Self-medication should be ruled out!
When applying for medical assistance in the territory of the Russian Federation, medical personnel should be informed about the time and place of stay in countries with an unfavorable epidemiological situation.