Now you can navigate yourself, as evidenced by your indicators. Norms of indicators are not indicated, because laboratories often have their own reference values and indicate them separately, says family doctor Mikhail Tsyurak.
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Decoding a blood test
Hemoglobin is a blood protein, it contains iron and carries oxygen to the tissues of all organs. If hemoglobin is below 120, this is below normal and is called anemia.
Red blood cells are red blood cells that contain hemoglobin. Usually, the hemoglobin level is correlated with the number of red blood cells, and if the level of red blood cells decreases, then the hemoglobin level also decreases. If red blood cells are too high, this is called erythrocytosis or polycythemia.
White blood cells are white blood cells that are responsible for cellular immunity and fight infection. If they are elevated – this is leukocytosis, but their decrease indicates leukopenia.
It is worth noting that there is a leukocyte formula that is isolated separately. It shows the ratio of different types of leukocytes in percent, namely: basophils, eosinophils, segmented neutrophils, lymphocytes and monocytes. All these types of white blood cells can increase or decrease with different types of infection.
Platelets – are responsible for the processes of blood coagulation and the formation of a blood clot. If the platelets are below normal, this indicates thrombocytopenia, and their increase indicates thrombocytosis.
And, finally, the term ESR is incomprehensible to many, which means only the erythrocyte sedimentation rate. Usually it rises in the presence of inflammation in the body, but the growth of this indicator may indicate the presence of malignant tumors and pregnancy.
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