Installing an implant or implants is the most modern and one of the safest, most reliable, aesthetic ways to restore teeth.
Nevertheless, even having lost several teeth, people sometimes try to postpone the visit to the implantologist as much as possible. longer. Marina Kolesnichenko, dentist, chief physician of Beauty Line, is ready to explain why you should not delay the visit to the doctor and how delay can lead to oral health.
DISAPPEARANCE OF BONE TISSUE
Let's start with the most important thing: atrophy (loss) of bone tissue.
In our body, everything is interconnected and subordinated to certain functions – so, the teeth must chew. If the tooth is lost, then, naturally, the chewing load in this place is also absent. Accordingly, the bone gradually decreases – the process is somewhat similar to muscle atrophy in a person who does not walk.
As a result, when the patient after years finally decides to visit the implantologist, it turns out that because of the atrophy, before installing the implant, it will be necessary to perform an operation to build up bone tissue. This is an additional cost of money, time, effort.
The nature of emptiness does not tolerate – if a tooth or teeth are lost, then their neighbors in the jaw gradually begin to shift to the vacated space. As a result, bite defects appear, which not only interfere with chewing, speaking and worsen the appearance, but also interfere with implantation. After all, to install the implant need a place. And since it is occupied by shifted teeth, then the doctor will have to prescribe the patient first treatment with braces, and only then proceed to the preparation of implantation.
Again – the loss of money and time: the treatment of bite can be delayed for a year or even two, during which the bone will continue to atrophy.
Just think – there is no one chewing tooth, we will chew on the other side! Many patients think so, but this is the wrong approach.
First, because of the uneven load, the teeth on the more actively working side will begin to erase and deteriorate faster. Secondly, improper distribution of the load will lead to gum disease and periodontal disease (gingivitis, periodontitis, etc.). Thirdly, because of the same reason, there will be problems with the temporomandibular joint, sometimes irreversible.
Crunch in the jaw, clicks, discomfort when opening the mouth, headaches, tinnitus, insomnia – these are the consequences of violations in the work of this joint.
Teeth work on chewing for a reason. Ideally, when chewing, a lump of food that is abundantly moistened with saliva is formed, which easily passes through the esophagus, and then just as easily digested in the stomach.
But, probably, everybody knows the unpleasant feeling when you swallow a piece of food that is too large or badly chewed. In the absence of a tooth, such sensations will become regular. If a badly chewed food is sent to the stomach all the time, this will eventually lead to gastritis, an ulcer, constipation, a constant feeling of hunger, which leads to overeating and obesity.
This is a direct consequence of bite defects and the absence of teeth. Our teeth serve as a framework for the soft tissues of the face – muscles and skin. If the bite is correct, physiological height, with a full set of teeth – then the face looks harmonious, beautiful and attractive, regular features will be formed. But with the loss of teeth, due to subsequent changes in occlusion, there is asymmetry of the face; the lower jaw retracts or moves forward;
Even if one chewing tooth is lost, lisping can occur. This happens because the oral cavity serves as a resonator, and how the sounds we hear are heard directly depends on the quality of this resonator. The more teeth are lost, the more pronounced the bite problems, the worse the diction.
PROBLEMS WITH AESTHETIC SMILE
Of course, the disappearance of the seventh tooth will have little effect on the beauty of the smile. But the absence of fifth and even sixth teeth will already be noticeable – when talking, the interlocutors will notice the emptiness at the place where the teeth should be.
There is nothing to say about the teeth in the smile zone – besides, when the front teeth are lost, the diction suffers even more than in the absence of chewing teeth.