We continue the acute topic of garbage collection and fees for it. Today we talk about the "garbage bin" of the regional scale. Namely – about the company "Flagman".
In 2013, they gave the go-ahead for the construction of a waste sorting complex with a plant and a landfill for the disposal of MSW (municipal solid waste). Work began to boil in the beam Wet Log. However, it started to boil – not an exact word, since the construction was delayed and for various reasons the commissioning dates were postponed (by the way, the company built 4 km of roads itself, having invested 25 million rubles). And now it was announced that in May, the plant will finally work.
Does it work or not?
– This is exactly? – specified Alexey Kotenev, first deputy head of the administration for construction, housing and public utilities and life support systems, to the director of the company.
– Absolutely! – assured at the “Open Dialogue” at the Center for Contemporary Marketing, the general director of “Flagship” Alexander Polyansky. – The construction site has unfolded since last April and now everything is nearing completion. Equipment is being installed, so only force majeure can hinder the process.
In general, the company has been operating since mid-2017, that is, for a year and a half already. The landfill is entered in the registry, which means it is completely legal and can be exploited.
With the major carriers TKO Gubkin (LLC “MSW-Service”) and Stary Oskol (LLC “Ekotrans”) contracts have been concluded and the garbage comes from these two territories. But there are also small organizations engaged in garbage collection, so, for sure, the company will also establish business relations with them.
“When the sorting plant starts working, the waste stream to the landfill will noticeably decrease,” explains Alexander Polyansky.
The plant itself consists of two workshops. In the first – sorting. Here they choose everything that can still serve: metal, plastic and so on. Metal will magnetic separators. Plastic, paper, cardboard – special optical sorting units. "Liked" waste air flow will move into the appropriate containers.
Bulky waste is treated here.
At the same time, in the workshop of processing plastic bottles, canisters, film will be turned into polymer granules, from which plastic products will be manufactured in the second circle.
Virtually all processes promise to automate, and human labor is minimized.
What is able to "digest" the plant, and what is there not happy
So far, only 8–9% of waste is processed in Russia, but this figure is planned to be increased to 60%.
In a year, the Gubkin “Flagman” is able to receive and “digest” 150-200 thousand tons of garbage. "Tails", and this 25-30 percent (a quarter of all waste) will be disposed of.
The “brains” of the complex, those that will be engaged in “identification” and sorting of garbage, are imported. According to Polyansky, the company took into account the best world experience and tried to avoid mistakes.
However, some problems still got out. For example, scattering garbage. The company is located in a natural wind tunnel and the wind carries waste around the neighborhood. Employees, of course, clean, but … In an amicable way, we need earthworks and the fencing net, as under the same Voronezh. It detains trash. However, we cannot build them from the inside, but from the outside, this is no longer our territory. We went out with a proposal to the neighbors, Rusagro, with a request to "lend" the land, but so far the negotiations have not yielded anything.
What will the plant eat? In theory, he can be "omnivorous." That is, they can recycle everything: from plastic to construction waste. But this is only in theory.
But so far the same concrete is persona non grata. It is not accepted because there is no equipment capable of grinding it. The plans are to buy Schroeder for grinding, well, you need to understand how much concrete itself will come in, whether it makes sense in special equipment, what its capacity should be, the brand … The Oskol administration promised to calculate what they might have for concrete, but for a few No data have been provided to us yet.
A definitive "no" in the enterprise speaks slate and ruberoid. These building materials are classified as hazardous waste and in the Belgorod region no one has a license to bury them. So, in theory, all this should be carried out in the Voronezh region.
– It is unprofitable, – says Kotenev. – In general, it is not clear what to do with the same soft roof. Major repairs are underway, and 50% of houses have a soft roof. At the landfill is prohibited to export. So where to put it?
“There is no answer yet,” Polyansky spread his hands. – But the question must be solved. And best of all, with the help of a regional operator.
“Today I’ll discuss the situation in Belgorod,” promised the Deputy Director General for Production of the Regional Center for Environmental Safety, Daniel Medvedev.
The chief of staff of the district administration, Igor Cherenkov, noted that the municipality does not have equipment for the demolition of old houses. And there are quite a few of them in the Gubkinsky district. Perhaps the plant would be interested in such a proposal?
“We, too, have no such equipment yet,” says Alexander Polyansky. – Yes, and do not want to take away the bread from those who are engaged in this professionally.
Who will be trusted to work?
Judging by the following question, the rational people gathered in the MIC:
– Wasn’t it easier to hire people who don’t go through work and ready to work cheaply for sorting?
“To be honest, when we first entered Gubkin, we were offered to hire homeless people as labor,” explained Alexander Polyansky. – But we immediately and categorically refused. Sorting, however strange it may seem, responsible production. And we do not work people from the street, and trained, under the supervision of masters, there are narrow specialists. In addition, the territory is protected. Well, then, we have everything officially: white salary, vacation pay, sick leave, and so on … And the same homeless people often do not have any documents.
While the company employs 80 people, but plan to recruit about 120-170 employees later.
Team "Flagship" is growing every day.
After reaching the design capacity, the average salary is “threatened” to be made higher than the regional average.
Figure In the short time that the “Flagship” works, the budgets of various levels received about 100 million rubles in taxes.
About ecology and plans
The Gubkinsky-Oskol polygon is the most modern and unique in the region, the bottom of which is covered with an impenetrable geomembrane. This film prevents the filtrate from leaking into the soil and groundwater.
– Tell me, what will happen in 25 years? Does the film start to leak? – A question is heard from the audience.
“25 years is the lifetime of the landfill,” explains Polyansky. – But the film itself is almost eternal, because the period of plastic decomposition is hundreds of years. So, if nothing extraordinary happens, if no one damages the membrane, everything will be fine after 25 and 50 years.
The reliability of the protection and cleaning system was confirmed by environmentalists of the Green Front: in the fall, the Gubkin test site recognized as the best in the ranking of TKO landfills in the Belgorod Region.
– What do you do with illiquid assets? – asks the head of the press service of the Gubkin administration, Andrei Nikulov.
– Of course, batteries, thermometers and tires come to us with ordinary garbage. When sorting, they are set aside “to the side” and stored in a separate place, so that they can be taken out later, ”answers Polyansky.
Drugs according to the law must be burned, they are forbidden for burial. But with the furniture in the company a short conversation. A container with bulky waste arrived (in Gubkin there are no such, but in Stary Oskol such “boats” stand in many courtyards) – there is wood in chips.
If the waste sorting plant is just getting ready for launch, the large waste treatment site is already in full operation.
The general director of the waste sorting complex noticed that in one and a half years of work no radioactive waste had been identified (at the plant, in addition to bactericidal lamps, radiation control operates).
– And the drains? What happens to them? – the head of the Gospkinsky Office of Rospotrebnadzor Nargil Imamedova asks the question.
It turned out that they enter the septic tank, then to the cleaning station, and then return to circulation, for watering (to prevent the threat of ignition in the summer).
The company plans to collect biogas (organic matter still makes up a large part of the waste), expand the list of waste that is not yet in the license, and, of course, focus not on garbage collection, but on its processing. After all, the future is precisely for her.
To this topic
"Open dialogue" was held not only in Gubkin, but also in Stary Oskol.