The Swedish physiologist Max Svenberg claims: there are almost no true geniuses either in science or in art. There are none among politicians. And over the years they will become even smaller. Why?
"GENE GENITY" turned out to be a myth
“To understand this, you need to understand who geniuses are,” says Igor Vagin, psychiatrist, candidate of medical sciences and author of books on phenomenal abilities. – There was a time when they thought: there is a certain “genius gene”. 20 years ago, multimillionaire Robert Graham even created a sperm bank for Nobel laureates. The production of geniuses was decided to put on stream. And what? 200 children were born. But only one of them – Doron Blake really showed the IQ, characteristic of geniuses – 180. At two years old, the kid was using the computer with all his might, at 5 years old he read “Hamlet” by heart, but over the years he was equal in age with his peers, and at 25 he became a drug addict. What discoveries are we talking about? The “genius gene” turned out to be a myth.
The frequency of potential geniuses, according to the geneticist Efroimson, is calculated as 1 in 100,000. The frequency of geniuses who realized themselves and achieved worldwide recognition is 1 in 10,000,000.
"JINN" FROM A BOTTLE
Where to get geniuses from? Why were there before, but now, to put it mildly, have they diminished?
Scientists have been arguing about this for a long time. The physiologist Svenberg, having studied the genealogies of 400 prominent people, came to the conclusion: they are all relatives to some extent. Much also depends on how the genes that are responsible for unique abilities are located.
For example, to compose as Tchaikovsky or Beethoven, you need to inherit from parents at least 4 pairs of “composer” genes. For the new Tolstoy or Pushkin to be born, it is necessary that at conception 10 pairs of recessive (inactive) parent genes are connected. So Pushkin, and with him and the whole world, was very lucky: he had as many as 20 pairs of necessary genes.
In the 40s of the XX century, the IQ level for geniuses was 140. Today, the "measure of genius" is an IQ of 180.
However, who should be considered a genius? If we compare the modern engineer with the engineer of the times of Peter I, ours will surely turn out to be a genius. He at times knows more and knows how. And yet … There are few real geniuses and it is becoming smaller.
Many of the experts in this field have told me: not one, but many conditions, including social, genetic and even physiological conditions, are needed for a genius to come into being. Do not believe? Yes, any obstetrician-gynecologist will tell you: with a cesarean section, there is much more chance of having a brilliant child than in the usual way.
Why? Because the "Caesarenka" is born without stress on the body, which may be fraught with damage to its brain. In this case, goodbye, genius!
There is another condition for the "reproduction" of geniuses, which was already proved by Dr. Segalin in the 1920s. According to him, geniuses are born when on one genetic line of parents there is a talent, and on the other … mental illness. Like, psychotism just releases the "genie" from the bottle.
Seneca said: "There was no great mind without an admixture of madness." And Cesare Lombroso collected a whole gallery of “oddities” of great people in his famous book “Genius and Madness”.
NOT OF THIS WORLD
At the home of Nobel laureate Gregory Perelman in St. Petersburg, a modern genius who proved the Poincare hypothesis, journalists often clash. But Perelman does not enter into debate. If he answers, then through the door. And generally speaking…
“He's very strange,” the neighbors say.
– Well, how to take it and refuse the Nobel Prize? He says that he has everything, but he lives in a modest apartment.
Not of this world? Perhaps this is the essence of the pathology of geniuses without interbreeding?
– Among us there are many neurotics. But for some reason we are not geniuses, says psychiatrist Igor Vagin. – Genius is often manifested as if in compensation for certain violations in the functions of the brain, and serious ones. Autists (not all, of course) can paint superbly, patients with Tourette’s syndrome (pathology of the central nervous system. – Auth.) Very quickly believe that schizophrenics become good artists and writers.
The director of the Brain Institute, Svyatoslav Medvedev, said in his speeches that genius is a disease, and he emphasized that all great discoveries are made by geniuses up to 35 years old. And then – no insights. Experience is gaining, and the brain is on its guard. He, as it were, prohibits going beyond the bounds. But this is precisely what distinguishes the discoveries of geniuses.
ALL CURE AND …
Geniuses made many of their discoveries in a state of “altered consciousness”.
“At this moment, all areas of both hemispheres are included,” continues Igor Vagin. – An unusual condition has many options. This is hypnosis, and autism, and schizophrenia, and epilepsy. Shamans and psychics use the same in their “healing”.
Stop! And now, by simple counting, let’s try to imagine: what diseases can modern medicine save people from, or at least slow down their development? Yes, perhaps from many. And if today scientists are unanimous that it is unlikely that they can solve the genius without the help of geneticists, then the debate is just about how many geniuses will be born. So far, the forecasts are disappointing.
“Alas, over the years, fewer geniuses will be born,” says Yevgeny Kournikov, an employee of the Institute of Psychology. “And it’s just … the doctors who will learn to cure many mental illnesses will be to blame.” And geniuses will become less thanks to advanced technologies that already today develop “clip thinking” in children. Geniuses simply wither and die out like mammoths. Yes, and talent itself will not be needed. For people, everyone will do cars.